Chapter Ten: Application Software

From Ministry of Water DCOM Manual

1 Chapter Ten: Application Software

1.1 1.1 Application Software Contexts

Application software, or simply applications, are often called productivity programs or end-user programs because they enable the user to complete tasks, such as creating documents, spreadsheets, designing, analysis and modeling, doing online research, sending email, etc. The application software can be applied for many essential work like designing huge and small structures, for example, water supply systems, sanitation systems, water treatment plants, buildings, etc. Also, can be applied for virtual reality, predicting behaviour of engineering structures, solving equations for optimization of resources tender bidding, earth-work estimation, cost estimation, project management, structural drawing, predictive model making, aid in satellite surveying, data transfer; its interpretation, analysis and others.

The designers should use genuine different application software with valid license for Water supply and Sanitation project Designs, Analysis and Modelling. This basic design software is especially important because it facilitates tasks and enhances the quality of design, modeling and analysis process for engineering infrastructure. In addition, software’s general features make the work easier and faster to be performed, more accurate, time saving, as well as reducing the total cost, the workload and manpower compared to the work that is done manually. Recently, many suitable software are commonly-used and available in the market. These software are more efficient and productive for required solutions to be achieved.

1.2 1.2 Recommended Application Software

Common software being used in Water Supply and Sanitation Projects are:

1.2.1 1.2.1 Distribution Network Design Software

1.2.1.1 1.2.1.1 Epanet

Epanet - is a software application used throughout the world to model water distribution systems. It was developed as a tool for understanding the movement and fate of drinking water constituents within distribution systems, and can be used for many different types of applications in distribution systems analysis. EPANET is public domain software that can be freely copied and distributed. It is a Windows®-based program that will work with all versions of Windows. For more details, visit its website at https://www.epa.gov/water-research/epanet

1.2.1.2 1.2.1.2 AutoCAD

AutoCAD - is a computer-aided tool that allows many different types of designers to create diverse kinds of drawings and designs. This program helps designers create their designs much more quickly than by hand and offers many quick, easy, and useful features, such as copy and paste. AutoCAD can create any 2D drawing and 3D model or construction that can be drawn by hand. For more details, visit its website at https://autocad.en.softonic.com/download

1.2.1.3 1.2.1.3 WaterCAD

WaterCAD - is an easy-to-use hydraulic and water quality modeling application for water distribution systems. Utilities, municipalities, and engineering firms trust WaterCAD as a reliable, resource-saving, decision-support application for their water infrastructure. From fire flow and constituent concentration analyses, to energy cost management and pump modeling, WaterCAD helps engineers and utilities analyze, design, and optimize water distribution systems. - https://watercad.software.informer.com/

1.2.1.4 1.2.1.4 WaterGEMS

(d) WaterGEMS – is Water Distribution Analysis and Design Software. WaterGEMS also can enable run your model from within ArcGIS and for optimization modules (calibration, design, pump scheduling, pipe assessment, SCADA integration, and network simplification). - https://bentley-watergems.software.informer.com/

1.2.1.5 1.2.1.5 KY PIPES

KY PIPES - Full-featured hydraulic analysis software package with the ability to design for rural and urban contexts. It includes full design capabilities, including pipe diameter, demand, fire flow, temperature variation, and pump optimization. It is compatible with AutoCAD and GIS. It uses EPANET for its water quality analysis. http://kypipe.com/downloads/

1.2.1.6 1.2.1.6 GeoNode

GeoNode - GeoNode is a web-based application and platform for developing geospatial information systems (GIS) and for deploying spatial data infrastructures (SDI). It is designed to be extended and modified, and can be integrated into existing platforms. http://geonode.org/

1.2.1.7 1.2.1.7 AutoStudio

AutoStudio – is part of the Autodesk used for design, styling and technical surfacing. With further extended workflow capabilities, Alias AutoStudio software provides an extensive set of sketching, modeling, visualization, and analysis tools for the entire vehicle design process. https://iggtech.com/autodesk-alias-autostudio-2020/

1.2.1.8 1.2.1.8 InfoWater

InfoWater - InfoWater Pro modeling and management software enables users to design, plan and operate their water network with an easy-to-use, sophisticated solution. Hydraulic models in InfoWater bridge the gap between network modeling and ArcGIS, ensuring you get sound, cost-effective engineering solutions for designing, planning, and operating your systems. InfoWater is completely integrated within the ESRI ArcGIS environment. https://docs.google.com/document/d/1P8fE0vaDhU5ul4SdKAg3qh1z7if16Q1u-xXuH-VpPAc/edit

1.2.1.9 1.2.1.9 GIS Software

GIS Software - A Geographic Information System (GIS) is a system designed to capture, store, manipulate, analyze, manage, and present spatial or geographic data. GIS applications are tools that allow users to create interactive queries (user-created searches), analyze spatial information, edit data in maps, and present the results of all these operations. https://www.qgis.org/en/site/

1.2.1.10 1.2.1.10 MS Project

MS Project - is a project management software product, developed and sold by Microsoft. It is designed to assist a project manager in developing a schedule, assigning resources to tasks, tracking progress, managing the budget, and analyzing workloads. https://products.office.com/en-us/project/project-management-software

1.2.2 1.2.2 Operation and Maintenance Software

1.2.2.1 1.2.2.1 MS Project

MS Project - is a project management software product, developed and sold by Microsoft. It is designed to assist a project manager in developing a schedule, assigning resources to tasks, tracking progress, managing the budget, and analyzing workloads. For more details visit https://products.office.com/en-us/project/project-management-software

1.2.2.2 1.2.2.2 Excel

Excel - Microsoft Excel is a spreadsheet program included in the Microsoft Office suite of applications. Spreadsheets present tables of values arranged in rows and columns that can be manipulated mathematically using both basic and complex arithmetic operations and functions. For more details visit website https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/p/excel/cfq7ttc0k7dx?activetab=pivot%3aoverviewtab

1.2.2.3 1.2.2.3 EDAMS

EDAMS is comprehensive technical information system that deals with Billing, Asset Maintenance of Utility, Municipal and Government assets, including Water, Sewer, Drainage, Groundwater (boreholes, aquifers), Meteorology (stations, etc.), surface water (catchments, rivers, dams, weirs, man-made structures, etc), Waste management & Recycling. For more details visit its website. https://www.edams.com/edams-products/edams-maintenance-management-systems/

1.2.3 1.2.3 Water Quality

1.2.3.1 1.2.3.1 WaterCAD

WaterCAD - is an easy-to-use water quality modeling application for water distribution systems. Utilities, municipalities, and engineering firms trust WaterCAD as a reliable, resource-saving, decision-support application for their water infrastructure. From fire flow and constituent concentration analyses, to energy cost management and pump modeling, WaterCAD helps engineers and utilities analyze, design, and optimize water distribution systems. For more details visit website https://watercad.software.informer.com/

1.3 1.3 Supervisory, Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) Systems

SCADA is a monitoring and control system architecture comprising computers networked data communications and graphical user interfaces for high-level process supervisory management2. SCADA can control large-scale processes that can include multiple sites, and work over large distances as well as small distance.

To monitor a variety of water supply data like flows, pressures, temperatures, water levels (intakes, reservoirs and water tanks) etc, in various water supply and sanitation projects, SCADA can be used for data acquisitions, data communication, information/data presentation, monitoring and controlling. Principally, SCADA system gathers data (like leakage on a pipeline) from sensors and instruments located at remote area and sends to the computer, which processes this data and presents the processed information in logical and in a timely manner.

SCADA systems can be supplied in Tanzania. For example, in October 2019, it was in the news that AREVA’s Transmission and Distribution division will deliver and implement a Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition Electricity Management System, or SCADA/EMS, to Tanzania Electric Supply Co. Ltd. (TANESCO). Honeywell Company supplied their SCADA system named Technofab & Garmon Toddy Engineering to Bukoba Urban Water Supply and Sanitation Authority. Other known companies that are good in supplying SCADA systems include Edibon.

1.4 1.4 References

Wikipedia (2019). SCADA. In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 08:37, January 6, 2020, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=SCADA&oldid=931783794