Chapter Thirteen: Role of Stakeholders in Design of Water Supply Projects
1 Chapter Thirteen: Role of Stakeholders in Design of Water Supply Projects
1.1 13.1 Types of Stakeholders
Stakeholders (any person, group, or organization) in water supply and sanitation initiatives may take varying role depending on the levels of an activity and envisioned interest of a given partner. Villagers/community, Water organizations, NGOs as well as governmental and international institutions have great responsibilities in the promotion and enhancement of the planning and designing the projects as well as supporting the construction and operation of the water supply and sanitation schemes. Table 5.1 illustrates different types and roles of stakeholders in the design of water supply and sanitation projects including guaranteeing sustainability of WASH services expected to be provided as guides by WASH guidelines for school and health (URT, 2016; URT, 2017) .
1.2 13.2 Roles of stakeholders
1.2.1 Table 13.26: Different types and roles of stakeholders in planning and design stage
|S/No||Stakeholders||Role Expected at Planning and Design Stages|
|1||Community and general public||
|2||Urban and Local Government Authorities||
|3||Basin Water Boards||
|4||Water supply and sanitation organizations (including RUWASA and CBWSOs)||
|5||Ministry of Water||
|7||Academic and research institutions||
|8||NGOs and CBOs||
|9||President’s office local Government and Regional Administration||
|10||Ministry of Land and Housing and Human Settlement||
|11||Ministry of Transportation and Telecommunications||
|12||Ministry of Agriculture||
1.3 13.3 References
Chumbula, J.J. (2016): Sustainability of water projects: A case of selected Projects in Iringa District, Tanzania: A dissertation submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of Master of Arts in Rural Development of Sokoine University of Agriculture. Morogoro, Tanzania.
Kirenga, D. A.T (2019). Analysis of Determinants of Sustainability for Community Managed Rural Water Supply Projects in Tanzania -The case of Moshi District Council, Kilimanjaro Region: A Thesis Submitted in Fulfilment of Requirement for the Award of Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) Degree in Natural Resources Assessment and Management (NARAM) of The University of Dar es Salaam.
The Water Resources Act No. 11 of 2009
The Water Supply and Sanitation No.5 of 2019
Water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) in schools: results from a process evaluation of the National Sanitation Campaign in Tanzania: Available at https://iwaponline.com/washdev/article/7/1/140/30542/Water-sanitation-and-hygiene-WASH-in-schools. Visited 10th January, 2019