Chapter Thirteen: Role of Stakeholders in Design of Water Supply Projects

From Ministry of Water DCOM Manual

1 Chapter Thirteen: Role of Stakeholders in Design of Water Supply Projects

1.1 13.1 Types of Stakeholders

Stakeholders (any person, group, or organization) in water supply and sanitation initiatives may take varying role depending on the levels of an activity and envisioned interest of a given partner. Villagers/community, Water organizations, NGOs as well as governmental and international institutions have great responsibilities in the promotion and enhancement of the planning and designing the projects as well as supporting the construction and operation of the water supply and sanitation schemes. Table 5.1 illustrates different types and roles of stakeholders in the design of water supply and sanitation projects including guaranteeing sustainability of WASH services expected to be provided as guides by WASH guidelines for school and health (URT, 2016; URT, 2017) .

1.2 13.2 Roles of stakeholders

1.2.1 Table 13.26: Different types and roles of stakeholders in planning and design stage

S/No Stakeholders Role Expected at Planning and Design Stages
1 Community and general public
  • Participate in water sources identification, and collection of local based socioeconomic data and information
  • Participate in determining factors likely to facilitate establishment and administration of water and sanitation service prices/charges.
  • Identify mechanism for establishing and enhancing accountability in water supply and sanitation schemes operation.
2 Urban and Local Government Authorities
  • Coordinate physical planning with the water
  • authorities and community organizations taking into consideration the community needs and local situations.
  • Assist in choosing friendly water supply and sanitation technologies appropriate to local areas.
  • Set strategies for mobilization of resources for project investments.
3 Basin Water Boards
  • Provide water sources data and information including quantity and quality.
  • Provide standards and guidance on the requirements pertaining infrastructures in different sources.
4 Water supply and sanitation organizations (including RUWASA and CBWSOs)
  • Design strategies for effective involvement of the community members.
  • Determine community water demands.
  • Undertake engineering project design accordingly.
  • Determine factors likely to influence or hinder revenue collection mechanism from the beneficiaries (community members).
  • Prepare specifications for a given water supply and/or sanitation project.
5 Ministry of Water
  • Design strategies for effective involvement of the community members.
  • Effective coordination and collaboration in cross-sectoral issues.
  • Prepare specifications for a given water supply and/or sanitation project.
  • Provide guidelines and manuals on appropriate design of water and sanitation projects.
6 Service Providers
  • Facilitate in provision of data and information regarding availability of appropriate materials and technologies for a given water supply and sanitation project.
7 Academic and research institutions
  • Facilitate the Ministry and its organizations in establishing strategies for effective involvement of the community members.
8 NGOs and CBOs
  • Provide socioeconomic and technological inputs during planning for water and sanitation projects.
  • Liaison with Ministry and its organizations in establishing strategies for effective involvement of the community members.
9 President’s office local Government and Regional Administration
  • By laws in favour of water utilities
  • Community mobilization
  • Land acquisition
  • Compensation
10 Ministry of Land and Housing and Human Settlement
  • Land acquisition
  • Compensation for land acquired
11 Ministry of Transportation and Telecommunications
  • Functioning GPS and GIS system in place
12 Ministry of Agriculture
  • Water services protection against pesticides, herbicides and fertilizers
13 Neighbouring countries
  • Water permits from shared water protocols

1.3 13.3 References

Chumbula, J.J. (2016): Sustainability of water projects: A case of selected Projects in Iringa District, Tanzania: A dissertation submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of Master of Arts in Rural Development of Sokoine University of Agriculture. Morogoro, Tanzania.

Kirenga, D. A.T (2019). Analysis of Determinants of Sustainability for Community Managed Rural Water Supply Projects in Tanzania -The case of Moshi District Council, Kilimanjaro Region: A Thesis Submitted in Fulfilment of Requirement for the Award of Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) Degree in Natural Resources Assessment and Management (NARAM) of The University of Dar es Salaam.

The Water Resources Act No. 11 of 2009

The Water Supply and Sanitation No.5 of 2019

Water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) in schools: results from a process evaluation of the National Sanitation Campaign in Tanzania: Available at https://iwaponline.com/washdev/article/7/1/140/30542/Water-sanitation-and-hygiene-WASH-in-schools. Visited 10th January, 2019